CALCULATIONS of COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH OF THE CONCRETE

PROCEDURE OF COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH OF THE CONCRETE CUBE CALCULATIONS OF COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH OF THE CONCRETE 1. Determine Cube size: Cube size of the cube =mm xmm xmm f2. Measure Area of the specimen (calculated from the mean size of the specimen) = mm x mm = 22,mm2 3. Apr 17, · Compressive Strength Formula Compressive strength formula for any material is the load applied at the point of failure to the cross-section area of the face on which load was applied. Compressive Strength = Load / Cross-sectional Area Procedure: Compressive Strength Test of .

Ever heard about concrete coring on structural members during and ocmpressive the construction? These concrete specimens are obtained when there is doubt about the in-place concrete quality calcklate to low lf test results during construction or if there is significant evidence that the structure might compresive be structurally sound.

Applicable also to molded concrete cylinders and cubes, the test method was performed by applying a compressive axial load at a rate within a prescribed range until failure occurs. The compressive strength of the specimen is calculated by dividing the maximum load attained during the test by the cross-sectional area of the specimen. The results of this test are used as a basis for quality tp of concrete proportioning, mixing and placing operations and to determine whether it complies with the design specifications.

These concrete specimens are lf in order to verify through laboratory testing if the compressive strength of the existing concrete that we poured at the site reaches the ultimate compressive strength at 28 days. The compressive strength results taken from the concrete coring are then be measured and calculated depending on the stress registered on the compression testing machine.

The reading should be multiplied by a certain correction factor. But how exactly the conversion is being done? Interpolation can be used if the how to ace math exam are not given. Strength Correction Factor 0. For a clearer picture, let us take a look at table 1. Notice that a series of coring samples are obtained as per table 1.

According to ACIas stated in ACI R Chapter 7, the suspected concrete is considered adequate if the average corrected strength of the three cores exceeds 0. Compressive Strength Classes. The characteristic compressive strength at 28 days of mm diameter by mm cylinders or how to make tattoo ink at home for temporary tattoos of mm cubes may be used as classification.

Considering table 2. What do you formulw about this article? We love to hear your thoughts! Leave a message in a comment form below. You can also follow, like and subscribe to our social media pages below to be updated with the latest posts.

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May 18, · The Compressive strength of specimen can be calculated by dividing maximum load carried by the specimen by cross-sectional area of the specimen cubes. The surface area of specimen: = x = mm? = cm? Assume, The Max compression load is KN 1KN = N ; Kn = ? = N. Jul 07, · Concrete specimens are a cast and tested under the action of compressive loads to determine the strength of concrete. In very simple words, compressive strength is calculated by dividing the failure load with the area of application of load, usually after 28 days of curing. Nov 28, · The compressive strength of the specimen is calculated by dividing the maximum load attained during the test by the cross-sectional area of the specimen. The results of this test are used as a basis for quality control of concrete proportioning, mixing and placing operations and to determine whether it complies with the design specifications.

Concrete being the major consumable material after water makes it quite inquisitive in its nature. The strength of concrete is majorly derived from aggregates, where-as cement and sand contribute binding and workability along with flowability to concrete.

This is an in-depth article on Compressive Strength of Concrete. Compressive strength is the capacity of material or structure to resist or withstand under compression. The Compressive strength of a material is determined by the ability of the material to resist failure in the form cracks and fissure. In this test, the push force applied on the both faces of concrete specimen and the maximum compression that concrete bears without failure is noted. Concrete testing helps us to majorly focus on the Compressive strength of concrete because it helps us to quantify the ability of concrete to resists Compressive stresses among structures where-as other stresses such as axial stresses and tensile stresses are catered by reinforcement and other means.

Compressive Strength of concrete is defined as the Characteristic strength of mm size concrete cubes 28 days. As we all know that concrete is a mixture of sand, cement, and aggregate. The strength of the concrete depends upon many factors like individual compressive strength of its constituents Cement, Sand, aggregate , quality of materials used, air entrainment mix proportions , water-cement ratio, curing methods and temperature effects.

Compressive strength gives an idea of the overall strength and above-mentioned factors. Through conducting this test, one can easily judge the concrete strength psi and quality of concrete produced. Concrete is made homogenous by combining aggregates, cement, sand, water and various other admixtures.

But even with proper mixing, there may arise some microcracks due to differences in thermal and mechanical properties of coarse aggregates and cement matrix, which leads to failure of concrete. Concrete technologists came up with theoretical concepts regarding size of aggregates, which as the size of aggregate being the major contributor of compressive strength. So if the size of aggregate is increased, then it would lead increased compressive strength. This theory was later discarded, as experiments proved that greater size of aggregates showed increased strength in initial phases but reduced exponentially.

The sole reason for this strength drop was due to the reduced surface area for bond strength between cement matrix and aggregates and weaker transition zone. Air entrainment in concrete was one of the concepts developed by cold countries in order to prevent damages due to freezing and thawing.

As the achievement of the desired workability at lower water content helped one to achieve concrete with the greater compressive strength which in turn, leads to light concrete with greater compressive strength. Cement being the major binding material in concrete needs water for hydration process, but that is only limited to about 0.

The excess water turns out to be beneficial in contributing to workability and finishing of concrete. The very aspect where excess water is considered harmful because as the water in the concrete matrix dries, it leaves large interstitial spaces among aggregate and cement grains. This interstitial space becomes primary cracks during compressive strength testing of concrete.

Concrete gains maximum strength at 28days. Since in construction sector great amount of capital is at stake, so instead of checking strength at 28 days we can check strength in terms of concrete strength psi at 7 and 14 days to predict the target strength of construction work. We cant judge the strength of concrete until it becomes stable.

The test is carried out using mm concrete cubes on a Universal testing machine or compressive testing machine. The test includes following steps Cement must be uniformly mixed with a trowel in order there exist no lumps. Machine mixing: The ingredient must not be rotated for more than 2 minutes and the following pattern must be followed.

Hand mixing: The process must be done on the rectangular pan until a homogenous mix is obtained. Casting of specimen The casting molds are chosen to be made of cast iron and must be rubbed with grease on inner side for easy removal of cubes. The specimen must be cast in 3 layers 5cm each and properly compacted in order that honeycombing formation does not take place. In compacting through tamping bar, 35 strokes must be done in all parts of a cube for proper compacting.

This tamping bar has the dimension of diameter 16mm and length of 0. The cube test for Compressive strength can be done on 1,3, 7, 14 and 28 days.

In some cases, the strength of greater ages is required which is performed from 13 to 52 weeks. It is mandatory to have at least 3 specimens for testing from different batches.

The mean of compressive strength achieved by this specimen is used to determine actual strength of the batch. Calculations Compressive strength of Concrete Formula: The Compressive strength of specimen can be calculated by dividing maximum load carried by the specimen by cross-sectional area of the specimen cubes. Refer google unit conversion tools if required. Details Specimens Specimen 1 7 days.

A good concrete should not show less than the minimum Compressive strength at respective days. Hence concrete is safe to use. For Instant updates Join our Whatsapp Broadcast.

Stay tuned! With a good subject knowledge in civil engg i have started this blog to share valuable information to fellow civil engineers. You can also follow me on fb and twitter by clicking below. Elaborate the same in forum. In which IS code the strength of concrete on 1,3,7,14 and 21 days is mentioned? What is the reference?. Mix design concept is already posted on site clearly. Contents What is the Compressive strength?

Related Posts. Tags: Compressive strength test on Building materials , concrete , Tests on concrete. Vishal Gupta May 20, Reply. Victor Prince May 25, Reply. Very interesting!

Sanjay chaudhary May 26, Reply. Priyesh June 22, Reply. Good work dear….. Faisal June 24, Reply. Krishna June 29, Reply. Litu Pradhan September 7, Reply. Compressive strength 1. Krishna September 9, Reply.

Swetha December 8, Reply. Krishna July 4, Reply. Mahesh September 30, Reply. Sir my name is mahesh and I need particle mix design note sir. Krishna November 30, Reply. Kiran Rajendran July 29, Reply. Nice explanation. Rajesh ranjan kuanar October 24, Reply. Good job sir…. Krishna January 26, Reply. Add a Comment Cancel reply.

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