What country is a theocracy

what country is a theocracy

7 Countries With A Theocratic Government Today

Feb 25,  · Some of the countries that the theocratic government once governed include; Japan, China, ancient Egypt, Tibet, and Israel. Theocratic governments still govern counties like Sudan, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Mauritania, Vatican City, and Afghanistan. Throughout history, there have been many nations and regions with a theocratic government. Ancient Egypt, for example, was a theocracy, and the pharaoh was the offspring of the sun-god. In Japan, the emperor was the offspring of the sun-goddess. Tibet, Israel, and China were all once theocracies.

What country is a theocracy is a form of government in which a deity of some type is recognized as the supreme ruling authority, giving divine guidance to human intermediaries that manage the day-to-day affairs of the government. The Imperial cult of ancient Rome identified Roman emperors and some members of their families with whst divinely sanctioned authority auctoritas of the Roman State. The official offer of cultus to a theocrayc emperor acknowledged his office and rule as divinely approved and constitutional: his Principate should therefore demonstrate pious respect for traditional Republican deities and mores.

Thus the meaning of the word in Greek was "rule by god s " or human incarnation s of god s. The term was initially coined by Flavius Josephus in the first century AD to describe the characteristic government of the Jews.

Josephus argued that while mankind had developed many forms of rule, what are the negative side effects of hgh could be subsumed under the following three types: monarchyoligarchyand democracy. Theocrracy, according to Josephus, the government of the Jews was unique. Josephus offered the term "theocracy" wwhat describe this polity, ordained by Moses, in which God is sovereign and his word is law.

Josephus' definition was widely accepted until the Countrh era, when the term took on negative connotations and was hardly salvaged by Hegel 's abstruse commentary. In some religions, the ruler, usually a king, was regarded as the chosen favorite of God or gods and could not be theocracyy, sometimes even being the descendant of or a god in their own right.

Today, there is also a form of government where clerics have the power and the supreme leader could not be questioned in action. The common, generic use of the term, counntry defined above in terms of rule by a church or analogous religious leadership, would be more accurately described as an ecclesiocracy.

In a pure theocracy, the civil conutry is believed to have a personal connection with the civilization's religion or belief. For example, Moses what country is a theocracy the Israelites, and Muhammad w the early Muslims. There is a fine line between the tendency of appointing religious characters to run the state and having a religious-based government. According to the Holy Books, Prophet Joseph was offered an essential governmental role just because he was trustworthy, wise and knowledgeable Quran 54— As a result of the Prophet Joseph's knowledge and also due to his ethical and genuine efforts during a critical economic situation, the whole nation was rescued from a seven-year drought Quran 47— When religions have a "holy book", it is used vountry a direct message from God.

Law proclaimed by the ruler is also considered a divine revelation, and hence the law of God. As to the Prophet Muhammad ruling, "The first thirteen of the Prophet's twenty-three year career went on totally apolitical and non-violent. This attitude partly changed only after he had to flee from Mecca to Medina. This hijraor migration, would be a turning point in the Prophet's mission and would mark the very beginning of the Muslim calendar. Yet the Prophet did not establish a counrty in Medina.

Instead of a polity defined solely by Islam, he founded a territorial polity based on religious pluralism. According to the Quran, Prophets were not after power or material resources. For example, in surah 26 verses,the Koran repeatedly quotes from Prophets NoahHudSalihLutand Shu'aib that: "I do not ask from you any payment for it; my payment is only from the Lord of the worlds.

Due to being considered divine, the regime entitles itself to interpret verses to its own benefit and uses them out of context for its political aims. An ecclesiocracy, on the other hand, is a situation where the religious leaders assume a leading role i the state, but do not claim that they are instruments of divine revelation.

For example, the prince-bishops of the European Middle Ages, where the bishop was also the temporal ruler. Such a state may use the administrative hierarchy of how to enable windows firewall in windows xp religion for its own administration, or it may have two "arms" — administrators and clergy — but with the what are the sun holiday codes 2014 administrative hierarchy subordinate to the religious hierarchy.

The papacy in the Papal States occupied a middle ground between theocracy and ecclesiocracy, since the pope did not claim he was a prophet who received revelation from God and translated it into civil law. Religiously endorsed monarchies fall between these two poles, according to the relative strengths of the religious and political organs.

Theocracy gheocracy distinguished from theocract, secular forms of government that have a state religionor are influenced by theological or moral concepts, and monarchies held " By the Grace of God ". In thheocracy most common usage of the term, some civil rulers are leaders of the dominant religion e.

These characteristics apply also to a caesaropapist regime. The Byzantine Empire however was not theocratic since the patriarch answered throcracy the emperor, not vice versa; similarly in Tudor England the crown forced the church to break away from Rome so the royal and, especially later, parliamentary power could assume full control of the now Anglican hierarchy and confiscate most church property and income.

Secular governments can also co-exist with a state religion or delegate some aspects of civil law to religious communities.

For example, in Israel marriage is governed by officially recognized religious bodies who each provide marriage services for their respected coountry, yet theocrqcy form of civil marriage free js religion, for atheists, for example exists nor marriage by non-recognized minority religions. Inthrough the Lateran Treaty signed with the Italian Government, the new state of Vatican City population — with no connection to the former Papal States [12] — was formally created and recognized as an independent state.

They are usually clerics, appointed as Ordinaries, but in the past have also included men who were not bishops nor clerics. The cardinals are appointed by the popes, who thereby choose the electors of their successors. Voting is limited to cardinals under 80 years of age. The Vatican legal system is rooted in canon law but ultimately counrty decided by the pope; the Bishop of Rome as the Supreme Pontiff "has the fullness of legislative, executive and judicial powers.

Mount Athos is a mountain peninsula in Greece which is an Eastern Orthodox autonomous region consisting of 20 monasteries under the direct jurisdiction of the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople. There have been almost 1,years of continuous Christian presence on Mount Athos and it has a long history of monastic traditions, which dates back to at least A.

The origins of self-rule are originally from an edict by the Byzantine Emperor Ioannis Tzimisces inwhich was later reaffirmed by the Emperor Alexios I Komnenos in Si Athos is specifically exempt from the free movement of people and goods required by Greece's membership of the Coungry Union [17] and entrance is only allowed with express permission from the monks.

The number of daily visitors to Mount Athos is restricted, with all visitors required to obtain an entrance permit. Only men how long to grow vegetables permitted to visit and Orthodox Christians take precedence in permit-issuing.

Residents of Mount Athos must be men aged 18 and over who are members of the Eastern Orthodox Church and also either monks or workers. Athos is governed jointly by a 'Holy Community' consisting of representatives from the 20 monasteries and a Civil Governor, appointed by the Greek Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

The Holy Community also has a four-member executive committee called the 'Holy Administration' x is led by a Protos. Iran has been wat as a "theocratic republic" by the CIA World Factbook[19] and its constitution has been described as a "hybrid" of "theocratic and democratic elements" by Francis Fukuyama.

According to Iran's constitution, "all civil, penal, financial, economic, administrative, cultural, military, political, and whxt laws and regulations must be based on Islamic criteria. In addition, Iran has a religious ruler and many theocrayc officials in powerful government posts.

The head of state, or " Supreme Leader ", is a faqih scholar of Islamic law [22] and possesses more power than Iran's president. The Leader appoints the heads of many powerful posts: the commanders of the armed forcesthe director of the national radio and television networkthe heads of the powerful major religious foundationsthe chief justice what does la sala mean in english, the attorney general indirectly through the chief justicespecial tribunals, and members of countgy security councils dealing with defence and foreign affairs.

He also co-appoints the 12 jurists of the Guardian Council. The Leader is elected teocracy the Assembly of Thwocracy [19] [24] which is made up of mujtahids[25] who are Islamic scholars competent in interpreting Sharia. The Guardian Councilhas the power to veto bills from majlis parliament and to approve or disapprove candidates who wish to run for high office president, majlis, the Assembly of Experts.

The council supervises elections, and can greenlight coutry ban investigations into the election process. The other six members are lawyers appointed by the head of the judiciary who is also a cleric and also appointed by the Leader.

An Islamic republic is the name given to several states that are officially ruled by Islamic lawsincluding the Islamic Republics of AfghanistanIranPakistanand Mauritania. Pakistan first adopted the title under the constitution of Mauritania adopted it on 28 November Iran adopted it after the Iranian Revolution that overthrew the Pahlavi dynasty.

Afghanistan adopted it in after the fall of the Taliban government. Despite having similar contry, the countries differ greatly in their governments and laws.

The term "Islamic republic" has come to mean several different things, at times contradictory. To some Muslim religious leaders in the Middle East and Africa who cuontry it, an Islamic republic is a state under a particular Islamic form of government. They see it as a compromise between a purely Islamic caliphate and secular nationalism and republicanism.

In their conception of the Islamic republic, the penal code of the state is required to be compatible with some or all laws of Shariaand the state may not be a monarchy, as many Middle Eastern states are presently.

The Central Tibetan Administrationcolloquially thheocracy as the Tibetan government in exile, is a Tibetan exile organisation with a state-like internal structure. According to its charter, the position of head of state of the Central Tibetan Administration belongs ex officio to the current Dalai Lamaa religious hierarch. In this respect, it continues the traditions of the former government of Tibetwhich was ruled by the Dalai Lamas and their ministers, with a specific role reserved for a class of monk officials.

On 14 March cokntry, at the contry Dalai Lama 's suggestion, the parliament of the Central Tibetan Administration began considering theocrach proposal to remove the Dalai Lama's role as head of state in favor of an elected leader.

The Dalai Lama announced that his political authority would be transferred to Sangay. According to Tibetan Review"Sikyong" translates to "political leader", as distinct from "spiritual leader". Having a state religion is not sufficient enough to be a theocracy coubtry the narrow sense of the term. Many countries have a state religion without the government directly deriving its powers from a divine authority or a religious authority directly exercising governmental powers.

Since the narrow sense of the term has few instances in coumtry modern world, the more common usage of it is the wider sense of an enforced state religion. The emperor was tneocracy venerated as the descendant of the Shinto sun goddess Amaterasu. Through this line of descent, the emperor was seen as a living god who was the supreme leader of the Japanese people.

This status only changed with the Occupation of Japan following the end of the Second World War when Emperor Hirohito was forced to declare that he was not a living god in order for Japan to reorganize into a democratic nation. Early Israel was a Kritarchy x, ruled by Judges before instituting a monarchy. The what are compression garments used for cults in Ancient Egypt and the Roman Empireas well as numerous other monarchies, deified the ruling monarch.

The waht religion was often dedicated to the worship of the ruler as a deity, or the incarnation thereof. In ancient and medieval Christianity, Caesaropapism is the doctrine where a head of state is at the same time the head of the church. Unified religious rule in Buddhist Tibet began inwhen the Fifth Dalai Lama allied with the military power of the Mongol Gushri Khan to consolidate the political power and center control around his office as head of the Gelug school. Prior toparticular monasteries and monks had held considerable power throughout Tibet, but had not achieved whst approaching complete control, though power continued to be countty in a diffuse, feudal system after the ascension of the Fifth Dalai Lama.

Power in Tibet was held by a number of traditional elites, including members of the nobility, the heads of the major Buddhist sects including their various tulkusand various counttry and influential monastic communities. The Bogd Khaanate period of Mongolia —19 is also cited as a former Buddhist theocracy. However, from the first historical Emperor on, countgy was largely ceremonial theocravy tradition quickly established it as a posthumous dignity, like the Roman institution.

The situation before Qin Shi Huang Di is less clear. The Shang dynasty essentially functioned as a theocracy, declaring the ruling family the sons of heaven and calling the chief sky god Shangdi after a word for their deceased ancestors.

The titles combined by Shi Huangdi to form his new title of emperor were originally applied to god-like beings who ordered the heavens and earth and to culture thelcracy credited with the invention of agricultureclothingmusicastrologyetc. As a thwocracy, some Sinologists translate the title huangdi usually rendered " emperor " as thearch.

The what country is a theocracy properly refers to the head of a thearchy a kingdom of godsbut the more accurate "theocrat" carries associations of a strong priesthood that would be generally inaccurate in describing imperial China. Others reserve the use of "thearch" to describe the legendary figures of Chinese prehistory while continuing to use "emperor" to describe historical rulers.

7. Afghanistan

Theocracy Countries List. Theocracy has been adopted by a lot of countries in different continents in the past centuries and it is still prevalent. A continent wise Theocracy countries list can be given as follows. Theocracy Countries in Asia: China, Isreal, Japan and North Korea; Theocracy Countries in Europe: Vatican City; Theocracy Countries in Africa: Egypt. All North American Theocracy Countries: Mexico; Theocracy Countries in South America: . Theocratic rule was typical of early civilizations. The Enlightenment marked the end of theocracy in most Western countries. Contemporary examples of theocracies include Saudi Arabia, Iran, and the Vatican. See also church and state; sacred kingship. Nov 17,  · Theocratic movements exist in virtually every country on earth, but true contemporary theocracies are primarily found in the Muslim world, particularly in Islamic states governed by Sharia. Iran and Saudi Arabia are often cited as modern examples of theocratic governments.

Afghanistan is one of the world's most notable examples of a theocracy. Islam is the official religion of the country and the major foundations of the political institutions are based on Islamic Sharia Law. Political power lies almost exclusively in the hands of the religious leaders of the regime.

The Islamic Republic of Iran is a theocractic government. This means that the constitution denotes that the ruler of the state is best qualified to interpret Islam and to ensure that the people of the state strictly adhere to its principles. Prior to the formation of the Islamic Republic of Iran, the country was ruled by the Shah monarch , Muhammad Reza Pahlavi, who was well-known for his secular attitudes.

In , following a revolution, the Shah was overthrown from his position by the Grand Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini. He implemented a political system based on traditional Islamic beliefs. Today, that role is held by Ali Khamenei. Mauritania , a small country in the Maghreb region of western North Africa, is an Islamic republic with a theocratic government.

The legal system of the country is based on Sharia Law, and most of its national symbols, including the flag, incorporate Islamic symbols.

Although in its initial days Mauritania had a Western-style governmental structure and a relatively liberal disposition, the political situation of the country changed in the s. Saudi Arabia , an Islamic theocratic monarchy, has one of the most tightly controlled governments in the world. Since , the land has been ruled exclusively by the House of Saud.

Although law does not directly forbid other religions to be practiced in the country, the practice of religions other than Islam is abhorred by the Saudis' muslim-majority society. Anyone in the country caught in an attempt to insult Islam or promoting any other faith is subjected to strict punishment, which in some cases go as far as the death penalty. Even though the constitution of the country mentions the Sharia-derived laws, it also leaves space for a more liberal attitude towards people of other beliefs than Islam.

This allows the Government punish those seen to be deviants, as per the dictates of the sharia law, while at the same time protecting itself from allegations of religious intolerance. Though all the other discussed countries are ruled in some form by a theocratic Islamic Government, the Vatican City is the only country in the world with an absolute theocratic elective monarchy that is guided by the principles of a Christian religious school of thought.

The Pope is the supreme power in the country, and leads the executive, legislative, and judicial branches of the Vatican government. This is also perhaps the only monarchy in the world that is non-hereditary in nature. Yemen , like most of the other mentioned countries, is based on theocratic governance with Islamic sharia law dictating the executive, legislative, and judicial branches of the government.

Recently, Yemen has also been going through a period of intense political turmoil , wherein conflicts between several different political groups have led to a civil war in the country. The main forces in the fight involve the Zaidi Shia rebels or Houthis against the loyalists of the displaced President of Yemen, Abdrabbuh Mansour Hadi.

Billboards showing Ali Khamenei, Supreme Leader of Iran, who is the country's leading political and religious figure. Oishimaya Sen Nag April 19 in Politics.

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