What happened during the march on washington 1963

what happened during the march on washington 1963

March on Washington

Mar 15,  · The March on Washington was a massive protest march that occurred in August , when some , people gathered in front of the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C. Responses to the March In the months after the March on Washington, ongoing demonstrations and violence continued to pressure political leaders to act. Following President Kennedy’s assassination on November 22, , President Lyndon Johnson broke through the legislative stalemate in Congress.

Today is the 49th anniversary of Dr. What they wanted for Americans then 193 still badly needed today—perhaps more than ever. The March was about civil rights, voting rights and racial equality, but it was also about the what size osprey pack do i need for jobs and for jobs that paid a decent wage.

Inthe unemployment rate averaged about 5. If that meant hiring 3 million people, so be it; every American had the right to decent paid work if he wanted it.

The economy had to be structured in a way that left no one behind. But the economic demands were never met. Despite the legislative achievements of the s, African Americans still suffer in fact from segregated housing, segregated schools, and segregated employment opportunities, all of which on average are worse than the housing, education and job opportunities available to whites. We need a better, higher minimum wage; we need full employment; and we need a national commitment to equal economic opportunity.

Working Economics Blog. Posted August 28, at pm by Ross Eisenbrey. Search for:. Haappened up to stay informed New research, insightful graphics, and event invites in your inbox every week.

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Share Icon. Print. On August 28, , more than , people gathered in the nation’s capital for the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom. The brainchild of longtime civil rights activist and labor leader A. Philip Randolph, the march drew support from all factions of the civil rights movement. Educator Student The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom (usually shortened to the “ March on Washington ”) took place on August 28, More than , people from all over the country gathered on the National Mall, between the Washington and Lincoln Memorials, to demand civil rights and economic equality for all Americans. March on Washington, in full March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, political demonstration held in Washington, D.C., in by civil rights leaders to protest racial discrimination and to show support for major civil rights legislation that was pending in Congress. March on Washington.

It was the largest gathering for civil rights of its time. The event focused on employment discrimination, civil rights abuses against African Americans, Latinos, and other disenfranchised groups, and support for the Civil Rights Act that the Kennedy Administration was attempting to pass through Congress. This momentous display of civic activism took place on the National Mall , "America's Front Yard" and was the culmination of an idea born more than 20 years before.

By the s, a public expression of dissatisfaction with the status quo was considered necessary and a march was planned for , with Randolph as the titular head. In addition, Dorothy Height of the National Council of Negro Women participated in the planning, but she operated in the background of this male dominated, leadership group.

The March was organized in less than 3 months. Randolph handed the day-to-day planning to his partner in the March on Washington Movement, Bayard Rustin , a pioneer of the Journey of Reconciliation and a brilliant strategist of nonviolent direct action protests. Rustin planned everything, from training "marshals" for crowd control using nonviolent techniques to the sound system and setup of porta-potties.

There was also an Organizing Manual that laid out a statement of purpose, specific talking points, and logistics. Rustin saw that to maintain order over such a large crowd, there needed to be a highly organized support structure. With that many people converging on the city, there were concerns about violence. The Washington, D. President Kennedy thought that if there were any problems, the negative perceptions could undo the civil rights bill making its way through Congress.

In the end, the crowds were calm and there were no incidents reported by police. While the March was a peaceful occasion, the words spoken that day at the Lincoln Memorial were not just uplifting and inspirational such as Martin Luther King Jr.

There was a list of "Ten Demands" from the sponsors, insisting on a fair living wage, fair employment policies, and desegregation of school districts. John Lewis in his speech said that "we do not want our freedom gradually but we want to be free now" and that Congress needed to pass "meaningful legislation" or people would march through the South.

Although the SNCC chairman had toned down his remarks at the request of white liberals and moderate black allies, he still managed to criticize both political parties for moving too slowly on civil rights. Others such as Whitney Young and Joachim Prinz spoke of the need for justice, for equal opportunity, for full access to the American Dream promised with the Declaration of Independence and reaffirmed with the passage of the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments.

They spoke of jobs, and of a life free from the indifference of lawmakers to people's plights. Explore This Park. March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom. While the March was a collaborative effort, sponsored by leaders of various student, civil rights, and labor organizations, the original idea came from A. His vision for a march on the Nation's Capital dated to the s when he twice proposed large-scale marches to protest segregation and discrimination in the U.

The pressure worked. Rustin coordinated a staff of over civil rights activists and organizers to assist in publicizing the march and recruiting marchers, organizing churches to raise money, coordinating buses and trains, and administering all of the other logistical details. In many ways, the March defied expectations. The number of people that attended exceeded the initial estimates made by the organizers.

Rustin had indicated that they expected over , people to attend - the final estimate was ,, , blacks and 60, whites. In the end, after all of the musical performances, speeches, and politics, it was the people that truly made the March on Washington a success. They brought box lunches, having spent all they could spare to get to Washington; some dressed as if attending a church service while others wore overalls and boots; veterans of the Civil Rights Movement and individuals new to the issues locked arms, clapped and sang and walked.

Many began without their leaders, who were making their way to them from meetings on Capitol Hill. They could no longer be patient and they could no longer be held back, and so they started to march - Black, White, Latino, American Indian, Jewish, Christian, men, women, famous, anonymous, but ultimately all Americans, all marching for their civil rights. You Might Also Like. Loading results Tags: civil rights civil rights movement march on washington martin luther king jr.

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