What is a sugar cane cutter called

what is a sugar cane cutter called

Sugar cane cutters

What is a sugar cane cutter called? A sugarcane harvester is a large piece ofagricultural machinery used to harvest and partially process sugarcane. Essentially a storage vessel on a truck with amechanical extension, the machine cuts the stalks at the base,strips the leaves off, and then cuts the cane intosegments. Mar 12,  · Cane machetes are also known as Sugar cane machetes. They have a wide blade design for cutting thick stalks of sugarcane, corn, bamboo and other plants with thick stalks. In most cases, the blade has a hook that allows the user to pull the chopped cane from the standing plans.

A cane knife is a large hand-wielded cutting tool similar to a machete. It is the primary tool used in countries that do not employ mechanical means for harvesting cane. In the Philippines, particularly in Negros Islanditinerant sugarcane cutters called sacadas employ this callev, which they call an espading.

The term is borrowed from the Spanish word espadameaning "sword", while in Tagalog it is called palang. In the South Pacificthe metal hook of the cane knife was melded with the indigenous serrated warclub, resulting in the hook-bladed weapon used in modern Samoan fire knife dancing. A typical cane knife is characterized by a hardwood handle, a full tanga deep blade and a hook at its tip used for picking up the cut cane, what is erythema toxicum neonatorum some types do not employ this feature.

The blade is usually 1 millimetre 0. The thin blade facilitates cutting cane quickly as the harvester slashes the cane at an whag a thin blade slices through better than a thick blade. Sugar cane knife, s, used by enslaved Africans to cut sugar cane in the Danish West Indies. Croixholding how to get rid of duplicate songs on itunes cane knife and torch. A sugar cane cutter in Cuba during zafra.

This tool article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. Cane knife. Canecutters in Ayr, Australia c. Female cane cutters in Barbados Invasive Plants: Weeds of the Global Garden. Brooklyn Botanic Garden. ISBN Retrieved

Sugar cane cutters

Sugar cane cutters sit on a bus while going to work on a plantation near Florida, Valle del Cauca, Colombia. A worker carries sugar cane stalks in a field near Florida, Valle del Cauca, Colombia. A sugar cane cutter is seen in his house in Florida, Valle del Cauca, Colombia. Canecutter definition, any of several species of large cottontails inhabiting swamps or marshes. See more. Dec 23,  · Sugar Cane Harvest Nilson Pimenta worked as a farmhand, sugarcane planter and cane-cutter in Brazil before going to live in the city of Cuiaba in He began drawing with colouring pencils that same year and first used paints in

Sugarcane or sugar cane refers to several species and hybrids of tall perennial grass in the genus Saccharum , tribe Andropogoneae , that are used for sugar production. The plants are m ft tall with stout, jointed, fibrous stalks that are rich in sucrose , which accumulates in the stalk internodes. Sugarcanes belong to the grass family, Poaceae , an economically important flowering plant family that includes maize, wheat, rice, and sorghum , and many forage crops.

The plant is also grown for biofuel production, especially in Brazil, as the canes can be used directly to produce ethyl alcohol ethanol. Sugarcane is the world's largest crop by production quantity, with 1. While sugarcane predominantly grows in tropical and subtropical regions, sugar beets typically grow in cooler temperate regions. Sucrose table sugar is extracted from sugarcane in specialized mill factories. In some regions, people use sugarcane reeds to make pens, mats, screens, and thatch.

The young, unexpanded flower head of Saccharum edule duruka is eaten raw, steamed, or toasted, and prepared in various ways in Southeast Asia, including Fiji and certain island communities of Indonesia. Sugarcane was an ancient crop of the Austronesian and Papuan people.

It was introduced to Polynesia , Island Melanesia , and Madagascar in prehistoric times via Austronesian sailors. The Persians and Greeks encountered the famous "reeds that produce honey without bees" in India between the sixth and fourth centuries BC. They adopted and then spread sugarcane agriculture. In the 18th century, sugarcane plantations began in the Caribbean, South American, Indian Ocean, and Pacific island nations, and the need for laborers became a major driver of large migrations of people, some voluntarily accepting indentured servitude [6] and others forcibly exported as slaves.

The term "sugarcane" is a combination of two words; sugar and cane. Sugarcane is a tropical, perennial grass that forms lateral shoots at the base to produce multiple stems, typically 3 to 4 m 10 to 13 ft high and about 5 cm 2 in in diameter. A sugarcane crop is sensitive to climate, soil type, irrigation, fertilizers, insects, disease control, varieties, and the harvest period.

Sugarcane is a cash crop , but it is also used as livestock fodder. The two centers of domestication for sugarcane are one for Saccharum officinarum by Papuans in New Guinea and another for Saccharum sinense by Austronesians in Taiwan and southern China. Papuans and Austronesians originally primarily used sugarcane as food for domesticated pigs. The spread of both S. Saccharum barberi was only cultivated in India after the introduction of S. Beginning around 6, BP , several strains were selectively bred from the native Saccharum robustum.

From New Guinea, it spread westwards to maritime Southeast Asia after contact with Austronesians, where it hybridized with Saccharum spontaneum. The second domestication center is mainland southern China and Taiwan, where S. It was one of the original major crops of the Austronesian peoples from at least 5, BP.

Introduction of the sweeter S. From Island Southeast Asia, S. It was also spread westward and northward by around 3, BP to China and India by Austronesian traders, where it further hybridized with S.

From there, it spread further into western Eurasia and the Mediterranean. The earliest known production of crystalline sugar began in northern India. The earliest evidence of sugar production comes from ancient Sanskrit and Pali texts. By the 10th century, sources state that every village in Mesopotamia grew sugarcane.

An article on sugarcane cultivation in Spain is brought down in Ibn al-'Awwam 's 12th-century agricultural work, Book on Agriculture. Christopher Columbus first brought sugarcane to the Caribbean during his second voyage to the Americas , initially to the island of Hispaniola modern day Haiti and the Dominican Republic.

In colonial times, sugar formed one side of the triangle trade of New World raw materials, along with European manufactured goods, and African slaves. Sugar, often in the form of molasses, was shipped from the Caribbean to Europe or New England, where it was used to make rum. The profits from the sale of sugar were then used to purchase manufactured goods, which were then shipped to West Africa, where they were bartered for slaves.

The slaves were then brought back to the Caribbean to be sold to sugar planters. The profits from the sale of the slaves were then used to buy more sugar, which was shipped to Europe. France found its sugarcane islands so valuable that it effectively traded its portion of Canada , famously dubbed " a few acres of snow ", to Britain for their return of Guadeloupe , Martinique , and St.

Lucia at the end of the Seven Years' War. Boiling houses in the 17th through 19th centuries converted sugarcane juice into raw sugar. These houses were attached to sugar plantations in the Western colonies. Slaves often ran the boiling process under very poor conditions. Rectangular boxes of brick or stone served as furnaces, with an opening at the bottom to stoke the fire and remove ashes. At the top of each furnace were up to seven copper kettles or boilers, each one smaller and hotter than the previous one.

The cane juice began in the largest kettle. The juice was then heated and lime added to remove impurities. The juice was skimmed and then channeled to successively smaller kettles. The last kettle, the "teache", was where the cane juice became syrup. The next step was a cooling trough, where the sugar crystals hardened around a sticky core of molasses. This raw sugar was then shoveled from the cooling trough into hogsheads wooden barrels , and from there into the curing house. In the British Empire , slaves were liberated after , and many no longer worked on sugarcane plantations when they had a choice.

British owners of sugarcane plantations, therefore, needed new workers, and they found cheap labour in China and India. Lucia , St. Vincent , St. Kitts , St. Croix , Suriname , Nevis , and Mauritius. Between and , traders and plantation owners from the British colony of Queensland now a state of Australia brought between 55, and 62, people from the South Pacific Islands to work on sugarcane plantations. An estimated one-third of these workers were coerced or kidnapped into slavery known as blackbirding.

Many others were paid very low wages. Between and , most of the 10, remaining workers were deported in an effort to keep Australia racially homogeneous and protect white workers from cheap foreign labour. Cuban sugar derived from sugarcane was exported to the USSR , where it received price supports and was ensured a guaranteed market. The dissolution of the Soviet state forced the closure of most of Cuba's sugar industry. Sugarcane remains an important part of the economy of Guyana , Belize , Barbados , and Haiti , along with the Dominican Republic , Guadeloupe , Jamaica , and other islands.

Sugarcane cultivation requires a tropical or subtropical climate, with a minimum of 60 cm 24 in of annual moisture. It is one of the most efficient photosynthesizers in the plant kingdom. Once a major crop of the southeastern region of the United States, sugarcane cultivation declined there during the late 20th century , and is primarily confined to small plantations in Florida , Louisiana , and southeast Texas in the 21st century. Sugarcane cultivation ceased in Hawaii when the last operating sugar plantation in the state shut down in Sugarcane is cultivated in the tropics and subtropics in areas with a plentiful supply of water for a continuous period of more than months each year, either from natural rainfall or through irrigation.

The crop does not tolerate severe frosts. In terms of altitude, sugarcane crops are found up to 1, m or 5, ft close to the equator in countries such as Colombia , Ecuador , and Peru.

Sugarcane can be grown on many soils ranging from highly fertile, well-drained mollisols , through heavy cracking vertisols , infertile acid oxisols and ultisols , peaty histosols , to rocky andisols. Both plentiful sunshine and water supplies increase cane production. This has made desert countries with good irrigation facilities such as Egypt some of the highest-yielding sugarcane-cultivating regions.

Although some sugarcanes produce seeds, modern stem cutting has become the most common reproduction method. In more technologically advanced countries, such as the United States and Australia, billet planting is common. Billets stalks or stalk sections harvested by a mechanical harvester are planted by a machine that opens and recloses the ground. Once planted, a stand can be harvested several times; after each harvest, the cane sends up new stalks, called ratoons.

Successive harvests give decreasing yields, eventually justifying replanting. Two to 10 harvests are usually made depending on the type of culture.

In a country with a mechanical agriculture looking for a high production of large fields, as in North America, sugarcanes are replanted after two or three harvests to avoid a lowering yields. Sugarcane is harvested by hand and mechanically.

Hand harvesting accounts for more than half of production, and is dominant in the developing world. In hand harvesting, the field is first set on fire. The fire burns up dry leaves, and chases away or kills venomous snakes, without harming the stalks and roots. Harvesters then cut the cane just above ground-level using cane knives or machetes. A skilled harvester can cut kg 1, lb of sugarcane per hour.

Mechanical harvesting uses a combine , or sugarcane harvester. The harvester then blows the trash back onto the field. Such machines can harvest long tons t each hour, but harvested cane must be rapidly processed. Once cut, sugarcane begins to lose its sugar content, and damage to the cane during mechanical harvesting accelerates this decline.

This decline is offset because a modern chopper harvester can complete the harvest faster and more efficiently than hand cutting and loading. Austoft also developed a series of hydraulic high-lift infield transporters to work alongside its harvesters to allow even more rapid transfer of cane to, for example, the nearest railway siding.

This mechanical harvesting does not require the field to be set on fire; the residue left in the field by the machine consists of cane tops and dead leaves, which serve as mulch for the next planting. The cane beetle also known as cane grub can substantially reduce crop yield by eating roots; it can be controlled with imidacloprid Confidor or chlorpyrifos Lorsban.

The planthopper insect Eumetopina flavipes acts as a virus vector, which causes the sugarcane disease ramu stunt. Numerous pathogens infect sugarcane, such as sugarcane grassy shoot disease caused by Phytoplasma , whiptail disease or sugarcane smut , pokkah boeng caused by Fusarium moniliforme , Xanthomonas axonopodis bacteria causes Gumming Disease, and red rot disease caused by Colletotrichum falcatum.

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